Comparative cost of launching payloads into space on different launch systems

6:13 21/09/2017
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The cost of delivering goods into orbit in different sources is quite different. Often figures are given in different currencies, refer to different years (the year determines both inflation and the world situation of the cost of launches), relate to launches into different orbits, some of the figures characterize the cost of launching on the fact of the “dry” cost of the rocket, other sources give the cost of starting for the customer, while the source does not explain which of the figures is given. The cost of terrestrial services is not taken into account on a regular basis, let alone insurance, the cost of which can be very different depending on the missile failure statistics. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully compare the cost of launching the launcher, and in the open information one can see only approximate values.

*The page is updated as information appears in open sources.

Modern launch systems:

Cost of cargo delivery to orbit
Rocket Cost, dollars per kg Cost of launch, million dollars Carrying capacity, tons Notes
Украина«Zenit-3SL»

(Expendable launch system)

4 000(LEO) 60 15(LEO) The price for 2013 could have changed.
Украина«Zenit-3SLB»

(Expendable launch system)

16 000(GTO) 60 3,75(GTO) The price for 2013 could have changed.
Украина«Zenit-3F» («Zenit-2SB»)

(Expendable launch system)

15 000(GTO) 60 4(GTO) The price for 2013 could have changed.
Россия«Rokot»

(Expendable launch system)

19 442-22 976(LEO) 41,8 1,82-2,15(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
Россия«Souz-FG»

(Expendable launch system)

5 610-5 891(LEO) 40 7,13-6,79(LEO) The price for 2000 could have changed.
Россия«Souz-2.1a»

(Expendable launch system)

6 944-8 928 50 7,2-5,6 The price for 2013 could have changed.
Россия«Souz-2.1b»

(Expendable launch system)

6 600-55 555 50 8,25-0,9 The price for 2013 could have changed.
Россия«Souz-2.1v»

(Expendable launch system)

4 603-9 006 10,5-14,5 3,15-1,61 The price for 2013 could have changed. The price is 14.5 million with a space tug
Россия«Souz-ST-B»

(Expendable launch system)

16 495(LEO) 80 4,85(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
Россия«Angara-1.2»

(Expendable launch system)

13 157(LEO) 50 3,8(LEO) The price for 2014 could have changed.
Россия«Angara-A5»

(Expendable launch system)

5 714(LEO)

30 434(GTO)

140 24,5(LEO)

4,6 (GTO)

The price for 2014 could have changed.
Россия«Proton-М»

(Expendable launch system)

2 826(LEO) 65 23 (LEO) $ 80 million (with the Breeze-M space tug)

According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

США«Pegasus XL»

(Expendable launch system)

88 889(LEO) 40 0,450 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
США«Minotaur-C»

(Expendable launch system)

31 299-34 294 (LEO) 40-50 1,278-1458 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
США«Minotaur IV»

(Expendable launch system)

 28 571 (LEO)

47 619 (SSO)

50 1,75 (LEO)
1,05 (SSO)
The price for 2010 could have changed.
США«Atlas V»

(Expendable launch system)

9 514-16 866 (LEO) 137-179 8,123-18,814 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
США«Delta II»

(Expendable launch system)

25 925-11 475(LEO)
77 777-32 258(GTO)
70 2,7-6,1 (LEO)
0,9-2,17 (GTO)
The global financial crisis of 2008 also affected the cost of «Delta II». In the fourth quarter of 2008, the cost of launching the rocket was estimated by the FAA at $ 50 million, and in the report for the first quarter of 2009, the cost estimate increased to $ 60-70 million.
США«Delta IV»

(Expendable launch system)

13 894-17 410(LEO) 164-400 9,42-28,79 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
США«Falcon-9» FT

(Reusable launch system)

2 684(LEO) 61.2 22,8 (LEO) A rocket with a returnable and reusable first stage (the first landing was successfully 21.12.2015), which could potentially significantly reduce the cost. For successful return of a step, after deduction on GTO the maximal load 5,5 tons. The launch of the already flown stage costs $ 50 million.

According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

США«Falcon Heavy»

(Reusable launch system)

5 474-2 194(LEO)
16 363-5 243(GTO)
90-140 16,44-63,8(LEO)
5,5-26,7(GTO)
The cost, depending on the possibility of returning the stages

США«Antares»

(Expendable launch system)

12 879-12 903(LEO) 80-85 6,2-6,6(LEO) For the time being it is only used to launch automated cargo spacecraft “Cygnus” to the ISS

According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg[1]«Vega»

(Expendable launch system)

18 849(LEO) 37 1,963(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
22px-Flag_of_Europe.svg[1]«Ariane 5»

(Expendable launch system)

8 476
(LEO)
178 21(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
ИндияPSLV

(Expendable launch system)

6 462-9 538(LEO) 21-31 3,25(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.
ИндияGSLV Mk.II

(Expendable launch system)

9 400(LEO) 47 5 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

ЕвропаSS-520-4

(Expendable launch system)

875 000(LEO) 3,5 0,004 (LEO)

Европа«Epsilon-2»

(Expendable launch system)

25 333(LEO) 38 1,5 (LEO)

ЕвропаH-IIA

(Expendable launch system)

6 818-9 000(LEO) 90-112.5 10-16,5 (LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

Новая Зеландия«Electron»

(Expendable launch system)

21 777-29 333(LEO)

32,666-44 000(SSO)

4,9-6,6 0,225(LEO)

0,150(SSO)

The reason for this variation in the launch price is not specified, but it is known that the standard flight will accommodate two 12U, four 6U, ten 3U and four 1U-CubeSats with a total launch cost of about $ 6.5 million.

Китай«Kuaizhou-1A»

(Expendable launch system)

20 000(LEO)

30 000(SSO)

6 0,3(LEO)

0,2(SSO)

Китай«Long March-2С»

(Expendable launch system)

7 792(LEO)

24 000(GTO)

30 3,85(LEO)

1,25(GTO)

The price for 2006 could have changed.

Китай«Long March-2D»

(Expendable launch system)

8 571(LEO) 30 3,5(LEO) According to the United States Government Accountability Office of 2017.

Китай«Long March-3B»

(Expendable launch system)

5 833(LEO)

35 000(GTO)

70 12(LEO)

2(GTO)

The price for 2012 could have changed.

Китай«Long March-3C»

(Expendable launch system)

7 692(LEO)

18 421(GTO)

70 9,1(LEO)

3,8(GTO)

Китай«Long March-4B»

(Expendable launch system)

10 000(LEO)

28 000(GTO)

42 4,2(LEO)

1,5(GTO)

The price for 2006 could have changed.

Китай«Long March-4C»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO)

?(GTO)

? 4,2(LEO)

1,5(GTO)

Китай«Long March-5»

(Expendable launch system)

6 000(LEO)

33 333(GTO)

150 25(LEO)

4,5(GTO)

The information was published in the Chinese forum (requires verification)

Китай«Long March-6»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO) ? 1,5(LEO)

Китай«Long March-7»

(Expendable launch system)

5 914(LEO)

14 545(GTO)

80 13,525(LEO)

5,5(GTO)

Китай«Long March-11»

(Expendable launch system)

? (LEO)

? (GTO)

? 0,7(LEO)

0,35(GTO)

Израиль«Shavit-2»

(Expendable launch system)

57 142(PO) 20 0,35(PO)

КНДР Северная Корея«Unha-3»

(Expendable launch system)

? ? ?

Южная Корея«Naro-1»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO) ? 0,1(LEO)

Канада«Black Brant»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO) ? 0,068-0,59(LEO)

Advanced launch systems:

Cost of cargo delivery to orbit
Rocket Cost, dollars per kg Cost of launch, million dollars Carrying capacity, tons Notes
Россия«Souz-5»

(Expendable launch system)

3 294(LEO) 56 17(LEO)
США«Astra»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO) ? 0,1(LEO)
США«Vector-R»

(Expendable launch system)

50 000(LEO) 3 0,06(LEO)
СШАSpace Launch System

(Expendable launch system)

3 802-7 352(LEO) 500 68-131,5(LEO) The system in the basic version will be able to output 68 tons of cargo to the reference orbit. The design of the launch vehicle provides for the possibility of increasing this parameter to 131.5 tons in the enhanced version.
США«Vulcan»

(Partially reusable launch system)

?(LEO)
?(GTO)
99 ?(LEO)
?(GTO)
$ 99 million for the Vulcan base rocket without using solid-fuel rocket boosters.
США«New Glenn»

(Reusable launch system)

?(LEO)
?(GTO)
? 45(LEO)
13(GTO)

Китай«Kuaizhou-11»

(Expendable launch system)

10 000(LEO)

15 000(SSO)

15 1,5(LEO)

1(SSO)

Китай«Long March-9»

(Expendable launch system)

?(LEO)

?(GTO)

? 130(LEO)

50(GTO)

Европа«Ariane-6»

(Expendable launch system)

4 500(LEO) 90 20(LEO)
Украина«Ciclone-4M»

(Expendable launch system)

12 162(LEO)
15 000(GTO)
45 3,7(LEO)
3(GTO)

Notes:

Read the report United States Government Accountability Office

LEO – low Earth orbit

GTO – geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit

PO – polar orbit

SSO – Sun-synchronous orbit

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